How Things Have Changed Since 9/11

September 07, 2016

Even today, 15 years later we are still feeling the effects of the 9/11 attacks, which killed nearly 3,000 people. Here is a look at a few things that have changed permanently since those attacks.

Airports
Not long after the attacks, the federal government created the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and on November 19, 2001, Congress passed the Aviation and Transportation Security Act. This act is why security now requires you to do things such as take off your shoes and have limitations on the amount of liquid you take aboard the plane.

In addition, the Federal Aviation Administration established policies to prevent the takeover of plans. Cockpits are now locked and only the pilot, from inside can unlock the doors.

Immigration
U.S. Immigration policy changed with the Homeland Security Act and the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002. Visas are now harder to obtain for tourists, students and foreign nationals. The Department of Homeland Security, formed in November of 2002, and the U.S. immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), formed in 2003. These organizations are responsible for the protection of the United States and its borders.

Domestic Spying
Shortly after 9/11, President George W. Bush signed the Patriot Act, which was then extended in 2011 by President Barack Obama. This act is an antiterrorism law that gives new powers to the U.S. Department of Justice, the National Security Agency and other federal agencies on domestic and international surveillance of electronic communication. It also removed legal barriers that had blocked law enforcement, intelligence and defense agencies from sharing information about potential terrorist threats and coordinating efforts to respond to them. In addition, the federal government expanded the ability of the National Security Agency (NSA) to collect data on U.S. citizens, foreign nationals and governments.

Trust in the Government
Trust in the government hit a high shortly after the attacks that it hadn’t seen since the 1970’s according to a Pew Research data. Trust then began to fade again due to the 2008 recession, wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, privacy concerns and a growing political divide. According to the same research, by 2013, Americans’ trust in their government had falled to 19 percent. That distrust has continued at a low level.

Tourism
For three years after the attack, tourism decreased. After that, international tourists began returning. In 2007, 60 million international travelers visited the U.S. That number continues to increase to 74.8 million in 2015.

It is a day we will #neverforget. It is a day to remember what happened and honor those that lost their lives because of the attacks.

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